ANNUAL INTERDISCIPLINARY SCHOOL OF ANCIENT GREEK, EGYPTOLOGY AND ORIENTAL LANGUAGES. DAY 1
The first day of the School was entirely dedicated to Egyptian cosmogonies, which are also the oldest in human history. Prof. univ. Dr. Renata Tatomir ("Hyperion" University of Bucharest), co-organizer of this edition, presented the lecture entitled "Cosomogonic Myths of Pharaonic Egypt". Egyptian hieroglyphic writing: a writing for the living, the dead and the gods", followed by the seminar "Egyptian cosmogonic vocabulary. Heliopolitan cosmogony"
The earliest reports / stories / narratives of Egyptian cosmogonies come from the Pyramids texts, which date from the period of the Old Kingdom, almost five thousand years ago. In many mythological versions, the creation of the universe was done by the act of spitting (style figure for ejaculation) or masturbating the primordial god. The speaker illustrated a multitude of variants of cosmogonic texts, different in time and space, depending on the worship of a certain god worshiped in a certain Egyptian city, pursuing various motives, such as: water chaos (No), Benben pyramid, the god Atum, Ptah or Amun; the union between Geb and Nut; the appearance of the sun Ra or Khepri; the genealogy of the gods; hermopolitan ogdoada - eight primordial deities; the cosmogonic egg, which highlights various aspects of creation. Further, Mrs. prof. univ. Renata Tatomir highlighted the explanations and associations of Egyptian terms present in Heliopolitan cosmogony.