Programs and Projects

Byzantium Representations – History, Literature and Art The Annual School of Byzantine Studies

 

THE ANNUAL SCHOOL OF BYZANTINE STUDIES

The 2018 edition

BYZANTIUM REPRESENTATIONS 

HISTORY, LITERATURE AND ART

11th -19th September 2018
Bucharest, Constanța

The Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization, in partnership with the University of Bucharest, ”Ovidius” University of Constanța, the National University of Political Studies and Public Administration and the National History and Archaeology Museum of Constanța  have established, under the scientific mentorship of Professor Paolo Odorico (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris), a School dedicated to Byzantine studies, under the title of Byzantium Representations – History, Literature and Art to take place in Bucharest and Constanţa, from 11th to 19th September 2018.

THEMATIC GUIDE – THE ANNUAL SCHOOL OF BYZANTINE STUDIES – Byzantium Representations in History, Literature and Art

 

 

 

read here THEMATIC GUIDE – THE ANNUAL SCHOOL OF BYZANTINE STUDIES – Byzantium Representations in History, Literature and Art

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dobrogea – Witness of the Millennial Civilizations of the Levant

Rationals:

The main goal of this project is the coordinated action in the following fields: scientific research, public acknowledge, education and environment legislation on protecting and preserving natural and cultural sites on the ground (in situ), with particular scientific, educational and cultural significance, according to the European legislation and directives.

The project is structured on 3 annual stages, corresponding to the 3 geological and geographical regions of Dobrogea: South, Central and North.

The project is planned to start on December 1st, 2018, with a preparatory stage between May 1st – November 30th 2018, for signing partnership agreements and knowing the situation in situ of the representative sites protection in the 3 regions of Dobrogea.

Observations on Dobrogea

Dobrogea, a historic region, part of the Romanian, Bulgarian and Ukrainian territory, is representative for the region of Levant. Dwelt from the Neolithic period (Gumelnita and Hamangia cultures) during the VI-IV B.C. centuries, it will host the Greek colonies (poleis Histria, Callatis, Tomis) and the first state forms of the Getae. The territory of Dobrogea will belong successively to the Persian Empire (Darius), Macedonian Empire (Alexander the Great), Roman Empire (Moesia, Scytia Minor), to the Geto-Dacians, the Byzantine Empire, Bulgarian from Tara Romaneasca, and the Ottoman Empire.

Located at the intersection of the amber road (the North Sea – the Eastern Mediterranean) with the Silk Road (China – Western Europe), the end point of the Danubian limes, which connects it to Germany through the Central Europe, crossed by the Eastern migrations, frequented by Genoese merchants in the Middle Ages and battle field between Russia and Turkey, headqurters of the Danubian Commission at Sulina (Porto Franco), Dobrogea will be the host for many different cultures and civilizations during XIX and XX centuries.

Dobrogea used to be part of the expedition route of the Argonautes (Insula Șerpilor – The Island of the Snakes), it marked the life of the Latin poet Ovidius exiled by Rome, it was crossed by the Apostle Andrei at the beginning of the first millenium, and it has vestiges of the first 4 centuries of Christianity.

Dobrogea was also the place where the famous thinker and prophet Sari Saltuk Baba has lived, symbol of the unity of the Turkish culture in the XIII century from Central Asia to Europe. Dobrogea is mentioned in the travels of the Arab dervish originated in Maroc, Ibn Battuta, in XIV century.

Besides the majority Romanian population in the North and Bulgarian in the South, 16 ethnic minorities live in harmony, keeping their cultural and religious specific and beliefs, among which Turks (Anatolians, Seljuks from the Ottoman Empire), Lipovans (Russians come în the XVIII century after the schism of the Russian Orthodox Church), Tatars, Khokhols (from Ukarine), Germans (come after 1940 from the Tsarist territories), Macedo-Romanian (vlahi), Greeks, Armenians, Albanians, Gagauzes, Serbians, Jews, Roma people (gipsies).

The geological history of Dobrogea, where the Russian Platform (older than 1.6 billion years) extends, is covered by Proterozoic green shale (older than 600 billion years) and sedimentary rocks, by Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Neozoic, Quaternary and sedimentation currently deposited from the Danube alluvia.

On the territory of Dobrogea there are many geological, geomorphological, geographical, paleontological, paleobotanical, biological, archaeological, historical, architectural with actual or potential status of protected areas for their preservation and capitalization.

The preliminary work (until 30 November 2018) will be conducted in cooperation with the University of Constanta (Romania), Universities and research institutes from Bulgaria, Turkey, Greece, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Balkans and Caucasus, local administrations (Constanta, Tulcea, Varna, Danube Delta), Biosphere Administration, UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

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The Great Books of Levant

The Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization purposes to create a library containing the most representative literary and scientific works for the culture of the Levant.

Therefore the Institute will contact the major libraries and cultural institutions  from the countries of the Levant region, in order to sign cooperation agreements and implement this project regarding the masterpieces of the Levantine culture. The collections will be available for the Romanian and foreign researchers and interested public.

Levant – Bridge between the Civilizations of the Western Europe and the Far East

The Silk Road is an initiative that developed during the past decades focusing on the infrastructural and economic issues. President Emil Constantinescu has promoted the cultural importance and significance of the itinerary and the Institute for Advanced Studies in Levant Culture and Civilization can facilitate concretely the development of the projects dedicated to the cultural heritage of the countries crossed by the Road, especially in the Caucasus area (Georgia, Azerbaijan), but also in Romania (Constanta). As the network created in the historical times by the trade routes needs to be revived culturally, alongside the construction of high ways and gas and petroleum pipelines, the project will underline the heritage and development of cultural relations between China and the countries part of the Silk Road network.

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The Prehistoric Cultures in the Levant Region: Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture

Cucuteni (or Cucuteni-Trypillian) culture is one of the most ancient civilizations of Europe, preceding the human settlements in Sumer and Ancient Egypt. The historical discoveries are presented in Romanian, Ukrainian, Moldavian and Bulgarian museums, facilitating the implementation of a regional project aiming to rememorize the contribution of Cucuteni civilization for Europe and especially for the Eastern regions (Bulgaria, Romania, Moldavia). The Iasi Museum Complex (North-East Romania) detains major collections of historical artefacts and important researchers are active in Iasi, but also in Piatra Neamţ, where the Museum of Eneolithical Art Cucuteni is the only museum dedicated exclusively to this civilisation, hosting also an International Centre for Cucuteni Culture Research (created in 1995).

Potential partners: Iasi Museum Complex, International Centre for Cucuteni Culture Research, Piatra Neamţ (Romania), researchers from the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine and Bulgaria.